Simply input the values of pressure drop, upstream pressure, flow coefficient to calculate choked flow quickly!

The Choked Flow Calculator is a tool used to determine the maximum flow rate of a fluid through a valve or orifice when the flow reaches a critical condition known as choked flow. Let’s explore how this calculator works and its practical applications.

**Formula**:

The formula is:

$\text{Q} = \text{Cv} \times \sqrt{\Delta P \times (2 \times \text{P1} – \Delta P)}$

Variable |
Meaning |
---|---|

Q | Flow rate (the flow rate of the fluid in the system) |

Cv | Flow coefficient (a measure of the capacity of the valve or orifice) |

ΔP | Pressure drop (the difference between upstream and downstream pressures) |

P1 | Upstream pressure (the pressure of the fluid before it enters the valve) |

**How to Calculate ?**

To calculate the **Flow Rate (Q)** under choked flow conditions:

- Multiply the pressure drop (ΔP) by the difference between twice the upstream pressure (P1) and the pressure drop (ΔP).
- Take the square root of the result.
- Multiply the square root by the flow coefficient (Cv) to get the flow rate (Q).

**Solved Calculations:**

**Example 1:**

**Given**:

- Flow coefficient (Cv) = 10
- Pressure drop (ΔP) = 5 psi
- Upstream pressure (P1) = 20 psi

Calculation |
Instructions |
---|---|

Step 1: Q = $Cv \times \sqrt{\Delta P \times (2 \times P1 – \Delta P)}$ |
Start with the formula. |

Step 2: Q = $10 \times \sqrt{5 \times (2 \times 20 – 5)}$ |
Replace Cv with 10, ΔP with 5, and P1 with 20. |

Step 3: Q = $10 \times \sqrt{5 \times (40 – 5)}$ |
Multiply 2 by 20 and subtract ΔP. |

Step 4: Q = $10 \times \sqrt{5 \times 35}$ |
Perform the subtraction. |

Step 5: Q = $10 \times \sqrt{175}$ |
Multiply 5 by 35. |

Step 6: Q = $10 \times 13.23$ |
Take the square root of 175. |

Step 7: Q = 132.3 units of flow |
Multiply the flow coefficient by the square root result. |

**Answer**:

The flow rate is **132.3 units of flow**.

**Example 2:**

**Given**:

- Flow coefficient (Cv) = 15
- Pressure drop (ΔP) = 8 psi
- Upstream pressure (P1) = 30 psi

Calculation |
Instructions |
---|---|

Step 1: Q = $Cv \times \sqrt{\Delta P \times (2 \times P1 – \Delta P)}$ |
Start with the formula. |

Step 2: Q = $15 \times \sqrt{8 \times (2 \times 30 – 8)}$ |
Replace Cv with 15, ΔP with 8, and P1 with 30. |

Step 3: Q = $15 \times \sqrt{8 \times (60 – 8)}$ |
Multiply 2 by 30 and subtract ΔP. |

Step 4: Q = $15 \times \sqrt{8 \times 52}$ |
Perform the subtraction. |

Step 5: Q = $15 \times \sqrt{416}$ |
Multiply 8 by 52. |

Step 6: Q = $15 \times 20.39$ |
Take the square root of 416. |

Step 7: Q = 305.85 units of flow |
Multiply the flow coefficient by the square root result. |

**Answer**:

The flow rate is **305.85 units of flow**.

**What is Choked Flow ?**

**The choked Flow Calculator** helps determine the maximum flow rate of gases or fluids through a control valve, pipe, or orifice when the flow velocity reaches sonic conditions.

In **choked flow**, increasing the upstream pressure won’t increase the flow rate beyond a certain limit, as the velocity at the throat or narrowest point of the passage hits the speed of sound. This condition usually occurs in compressible fluids, such as gases.

Checking for **it** involves evaluating whether the pressure ratio exceeds a critical value. If **cavitation** or **flashing** is observed, adjustments may be needed to prevent damage.

With the use of this calculator, you can assess different scenarios for gases, water, steam, or liquids, ensuring systems avoid conditions that could cause issues like **cavitation** or **critical flow** limitations

**Final Words:**

A **Choked Flow Calculator** helps engineers to calculate the maximum possible flow through a pipe or valve under sonic conditions, typically when pressure drops cause the flow velocity to reach the speed of sound. It is crucial in preventing issues like **cavitation** and to ensure the system operates within safe limits. It’s commonly used for gases, liquids, steam, and water in fluid mechanics applications